How Bitcoin Works
Referring to the book Bitcoin And Cryptocurrency Technologies, how Bitcoin works uses a “coin” system, which is obtained by “mining” coins or buying them. Some people have accumulated millions of Bitcoins, accumulating them over several years.
The bitcoins earned are stored in a public ledger that can be accessed at any time. To quote the book Getting started with Bitcoins, the Bitcoin protocol does not store personal data. The system offers privacy through cryptography.
Users can have as many Bitcoin wallets as they need. The private key is required to authorize transactions stored locally in the user’s wallet.
All transactions go through a process called “mining”. Mining also serves as a mechanism for producing and distributing Bitcoins. The mining process is the act of adding transactions to the blockchain so that everyone can agree on the same set of transactions.
Unlike stocks, Bitcoin does not represent ownership of a company or entity. Bitcoin investments generate value as the price per coin continues to rise.